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Spinal Decompression Therapy

Lower back pain: How can Physiotherapy help

About 4 out of every 5 Canadians have experienced Lower Back pain at some point of their lives. It is one of the most common reasons for people missing work and seeing a doctor or a physiotherapist. With early identification of the problem and taking action accordingly can help lower the consequences significantly. Please watch the adjoining video which explains the most common reasons behind Lower Back Pain.

There could be many causes of pain from something as wrong posture; lifting heavy things incorrectly, back muscle or ligament pain or an accident. If treated in time, one can completely recover from it and prevent it from happening in the future. Otherwise, the condition can worsen further and may require a surgery.

How can Physiotherapy help with Lower Back Pain?

lower back painA physiotherapist plays a very important role in the management of and recovery from the lower back pain. Physiotherapy not only focuses on pain relief but also prevention of future occurrences of pain and injuries as well as return to full body function.
Early access to physiotherapy helps cut down significantly the health care cost related to back pain. It helps reduce the cost by less amount of medication usage, visits to a physician, use of advanced imaging and lower number of surgical procedures if required.
According to a survey, physiotherapy helps reduce the number of sick day’s compensation for lower back pain by 43.9 days per person over a three year period due to a faster rate of return to work within the first year.
At Squareone Physio, every day we get patients suffering from back pain ranging from mild to acute and chronic pain. In a typical case, we begin by assessment of the pain followed by diagnosis, exercise prescriptions, back pain education and modalities. We help our patients by creating individualised programs focusing on self-management and health maintenance resulting in positive lifelong lifestyle changes.
It is very important to act early in case of back pain. If you are suffering from one, call us at 905-232-2202 and book an appointment with our experienced team of physiotherapists. You can also book an appointment online.
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All About Spine Disc Problems and Back Pain

Spinal disc problems is one of the least understood issue due to the fact that medical professionals do not agree on the causes of the pain and also because of the plethora of terms used to describe different kinds of spinal disc problems. In this article we would try to demystify and help you understand spine disc better.

What is a Spinal Disc?

Spinal discs are round in diameter and flat on the top and bottom, and are attached securely to the vertebrae above and below them. The discs are somewhat pliant, providing shock absorption for the spine. Because of the many stresses sustained by the spine and changes due to aging, the disc is prone to injury, which in turn can lead to lower back pain, leg pain, and other symptoms such as numbness and weakness.spinal disc
Root cause of disc problems: Disc Pain and Nerve Root Pain
While there are dozens of terms used to describe disc problems, there really are only two main categories of disc problems: disc pain (degenerative disc disease) and pinched nerve (herniated disc).

Degenerative Disc Disease or Disc Pain

When a patient has a symptomatic degenerated disc (one that causes low back pain and/or leg pain), it is the disc space itself that is painful and the source of pain. This type of pain is typically called axial or referred pain. This condition can occur as part of the aging process in which the discs in the spine start to dry out, thereby losing some of their flexibility and shock absorption. As part of this process, the inner portion of the disc shrinks, providing less cushioning between the boney vertebrae in the spine, and the outer part of the disc can suffer small tears, all of which can cause pain.

Herniated Disc or Pinched Nerve

Lower back pinched nerve

When a patient has a symptomatic herniated disc, the disc itself is not painful, but rather the material that is leaking out of the inside of the disc is pinching or irritating a nearby nerve. This type of pathology produces pain called radicular pain (e.g., nerve root pain) leading to pain that may radiate to other parts of the body, such as from the low back down the leg or from the neck down the arm. Leg pain from a pinched nerve is usually described as sciatica.

The pain and other symptoms, such as numbness, tingling, or weakness, typically travels along the path of the nerve, so that a disc that herniates in the lower part of the spine causes pain along the sciatic nerve through the back of the leg, and a disc that herniates in the cervical spine causes pain that radiates through the arm.

Regardless of what the disc problem is called – a slipped disc, bulging disc, degenerated disc, etc. – it is most important for the patient to understand if the pain is being caused within the disc itself, or if it is pain along the nerve root.

An accurate diagnosis of the cause of the patient’s pain is needed to determine the appropriate treatment options.

If you or someone you know if dealing with disc pain or problem, book an appointment with us today. Our physiotherapists will asses your situation and recommend you a treatment plan that helps you get freedom from pain.

Cervical Spine Pain: Identifying the Cause and Implementing Proper Treatment

Cervical vertebrae lateralAn Overview of Cervical Spine Pain: Identifying the Cause and Implementing Proper Treatment
In basic terms, the cervical spine area in the human body is that at a person’s neck. The cervical spine includes discs that provide a natural cushion for the vertebrae that comprise the cervical spine — indeed, the entire spine.

A variety of diseases, conditions and problems can cause pain to radiate or originate from the cervical spine area. These include everything from the aging process itself to trauma or injury to a serious disease. In some cases, a combination of underlying factors jointly contribute to cervical spine pain.

Properly Identifying Pain Associated with the Cervical Spine

cervical shoulder painA common cliché involves something or another being a pain in the neck. Although pain associated with the cervical spine can express itself in a person’s neck itself, there are many instances in which pain associated with a cervical spine issues manifests elsewhere. Pain and discomfort associated with a cervical spine issue, disease or condition can also manifest itself in a person’s shoulders and arms. In addition, a cervical spine issue may not necessarily cause pain, but rather numbness in the neck, shoulders or along the arms.

Treatment of Cervical Spine Pain

Individuals in the United States suffering from pain caused by a cervical spine issue or problem oftentimes resort to medications, including prescription drugs. In addition, they also tend to access more invasive treatments that may be necessary in many cases.

The reality is that physiotherapy, including massage, can prove to be highly effective at addressing pain and other symptoms associated with a cervical spine issue. Indeed, a consistent course of professional physiotherapy oftentimes provides long term and consistent relief from pain for a person afflicted with a cervical spine issue.

A physiotherapist is able to develop a comprehensive treatment regimen for a person afflicted with a condition in the cervical spine that is causing pain. Each patient is provided with a unique course of therapy and treatment specific to that individual’s unique needs, goals and objectives.

When a person is afflicted with pain in the neck, shoulders or arms (or suffers from numbness, particularly on a persistent basis), taking a proactive stance is crucial. By taking a proactive approach to pain management, a person is able to obtain relief from that pain more quickly. In addition, a proactive consultation with a professional like a physiotherapist is a vital step to ensure that a serious disease is not the underlying cause of the cervical spine problem.

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